How Long Do Hedgehogs Live

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Life Expectancy
  3. Factors Affecting Lifespan
    1. Diet
    2. Habitat
    3. Genetics
    4. Health Care
  4. Conclusion


Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals native to Europe, Africa, and Asia. They are popular pets due to their docile nature and unique appearance. But how long do hedgehogs live? This article will explore the life expectancy of hedgehogs and the factors that can affect their lifespan.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy of a hedgehog is 4-6 years. However, some hedgehogs can live up to 10 years with proper care. The oldest recorded hedgehog lived to be 16 years old.

Factors Affecting Lifespan

There are several factors that can affect the lifespan of a hedgehog.


A hedgehog’s diet is one of the most important factors in determining its lifespan. Hedgehogs should be fed a diet of high-quality, commercial hedgehog food supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables. Avoid feeding your hedgehog foods that are high in fat, sugar, and salt.


Hedgehogs should be kept in a habitat that is large enough for them to move around freely. The habitat should also be kept clean and free of any debris or potential hazards.


Genetics can also play a role in determining a hedgehog’s lifespan. Hedgehogs with good genetics tend to live longer than those with poor genetics.

Health Care

Regular veterinary care is essential for a hedgehog’s health and longevity. Hedgehogs should be taken to the vet at least once a year for a checkup and to make sure they are free of any parasites or diseases.


Hedgehogs can live up to 10 years with proper care and a healthy diet. However, there are several factors that can affect a hedgehog’s lifespan, such as diet, habitat, genetics, and health care. By following these guidelines, you can help ensure that your hedgehog lives a long and healthy life.


  1. The Hedgehog Welfare Society. (n.d.). Hedgehog Lifespan. Retrieved from
  2. PetMD. (2020). How Long Do Hedgehogs Live? Retrieved from